Space Planning & Construction Basics
A beautifully landscaped house suitably placed on the site, gives a pleasurable sense of space. There are a Varity of thing that one considers like soil type, micro climate, water, on site vegetation, surrounding construction, zoning regulations and most importantly views.
There are no set rules when it comes to site planning but remember that no design is perfect for all sites. Often people set their heart on certain house design where else the site demands for a completely different option. The key issues to consider when planning site are, site zoning and regulation, on and off-site utilities, site access, topography, natural light and ventilation, wind direction, vegetation, drainage and soil type.
You will have to learn about the rules and regulations governing the desired site to fetch your approvals. Though, taking professional help would be your best bid.
Gas, electric, sewage and plumbing lines and on site water disposal are important issues to consider while site planning. You will have to get connections of all such utilities if not already at your disposal.
One should consider the best possible route to house should protect from any headlights and reduces vehicular noise. Ample turning radius, driveway widths, and parking space should be provided. Emphasis on entry using steps, porch or landscaped walkway should be there. Make sure you don’t block any side or back yards there may be requirement of future expansion.
The topography of a land can determine the shape and orientation of a house. One may differ from the expected footfall of the house and save space for views on the site.
We must design keeping in mind the sun requirement of different spaces, the house should get enough sunlight to reduce on the energy consumption but not over heating the structure. A well lit space is always a better place to hang around.
Plants and vegetation:
You could seek professional help in early stage to determine what plants to keep and dispose if already there in order to determine your building footprint or which ones to put if required.
Drainage and soil:
With help of civil engineer you can determine the type of soil and water level of the site and plan your drainage and foundations accordingly. In cases where water level is much hire a professional will give you a better solution on the type of foundation to solve your problem but don’t try building basements below the water table. Waterproofing will scarcely help and will be a costly affair.
Proper considerations should be done when designing the entrance for a house, making sure of its visibility from the approach road or walk ways. Determine its connectivity to their parts of the house like basement, garage, living etc.
One has to consider microclimate keenly. It may help you with the trees, determining their shadows and available sunlight during growing seasons or suggest of a sit out area suitable at most times of the year.
Each site is unique in some way, be sure to take advantage of its features without jeopardizing the harmony of it, but consider each factor before construction.